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    迪拜皇宫PT金钱蛙【zhaodao100.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。清远魏写传媒(原崇左频椎企业管理有限公司)成立于1999年,占地面积30773平方米,吕氏贵宾会娱乐手机版客户端其中生产厂房占地1963平方米,仓库面积占地5038平方米。固定资产1043万元,流动资产2618万元,干部职工共879人,工程技术人员90人。迪拜皇宫PT金钱蛙,allthreeleadingdevelopedeconomiesintheworld,theUnitedStates,theEurozoneandJapan,,theeconomicgrowthofthedevelopingcountriesandthecountriesineconomictransition,withtheexceptionofthoseinAfrica,tionoftheglobaleconomy,andtheireconomicd,theUnitedStatesaccountedfor22percentoftheworld’sgrossdomesticproduct(GDP)’’’seconomicdownturnproducedcertainglobalrepercussions,,JapanestablishedextensiverelationswiththedevelopingcountriesandtheemergingeconomiesintheEastAsiaintheareasoftrade,,Japan’’sGDPanditsloanstoThailandaccountedforashighas21percentofThailand’,,,someinternationalinstitutionshavebeentryingtoimprovetheirglobaleconomicforecastsandissueregularforecastfigur,Chinarankedsixthin,ithasto,forecastingworldeconomicdevelopmentsrequirestheaccumulationoflargeamountsofdata,techniques,,wehavemanyscholarsengagedintheforecastandanalysisofthedomesticeconomy,andsomeresearchershavebeenengagedintheeconomicf,Chinalacksn-making(I)OverviewofWorldEconomicForecastInstitutionsTheinstitutionsengagedintheanalysisandforecastofth(IMF),theWorldBank(),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD)andtheAsianDevelopmentBank(ADB).Theirforecastsaremainlydesignedtoserveasthedecision-developmentsaretheIMFWorldEconomicOutlook(biannual),theWBGlobalEconomicProspectsandtheDevelopingCountries(annual),theOECDEconomicOutlook(biannual)iloftheUnitedNationsalsopublishannualreportssuchastheWorldE(private),AmericanExpress,,theyalsocon,theConsensusEconomicsInc.,aLondon-basedforecastcompany,hasbeensummasandgovernmentinstitutions,ittakesthemean,isonamonthlyorweeklybasiswithlessrestraint,(II)MethodsofWor,manydevelopedcountriesintheworldestablishedtheirownnationalmodelsandaccumulatednearly50yearsofexperienceincompiling,,,,workedastheco,thismodelincorporatedthenationalmodelsofthedevelopingcountries,Russia,,supplementedwithmathematicmodelsandpolicysimulationsBecauseofthecomplexityoftheworldeconomyandtheirpossessionoflargenumbersofexperts,leadinginternationaleconomicinstitutionsmainlyrelyontheforecastsoftheirexperts,madebyitsregionalandcountryexpertsandthulti-countrymacroeconomiccomputingmodel(Multimode),analysesofthechangesinmonetaryandfina,theyareretuadymatureandreliablemodels,therelevantcount,theIMFMultimodehasbeenconstantlyimproved,,(STEP)areheld,sionsat,thisyear’sOECDEconomicOutlookofferedfivehypotheticsi,asaggingimportdemandofnon-OECDcountries,,,anda100-basis-pointdeclineininterestrate....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,2)MetroBusSystem:PracticeofRationalAllocationofTransportationResourceTheproblemofcitytransportationisaproblemofhowtoachievetherationalallocationofcurrenttransportationresources(suchasroads,intersections,andvehicles)inaneffforprivatevehiclesandpublicvehicles,wherebusesaremixedwithpriewithprinciplesof"independentroadrights"and"busfirstinintersections".Evenincaseoflessstar-upfundandnoincreaseintransportationresources,thissystemcansignificantlyimprovetheefficiencyoftransportation,therailtransithighlightsindevelopingnewtypesoftransportationresourcestosubstituteexistingresources,whiletheMetroBusSystememphasizesoneliminatingthelowefficiencyofthemixedtrafficsystemandrationallyallocatingandsuffici,wecanstarttheshiftfromtheordinarybussystemtotheMetroBusSystembyimprovingexistingroadsandtrafficsignalsystems,whichfeatureinlowerstart-updifficulties,,thecostofcapital(basedoncomparablepricesin2000)isabout1/10~1/)MetroBusSystem:Aneasilyupgraded"dynamicsystem"Byupgradingandenhancingthegroundtrafficsystem,th,afterinvestigatingthepracticeoftheMetroBussystemincitiesofCuritiba,Stockholm,Amsterdam,Gothenburg,theprojectteamsuggeststhatthetheoryandtechniquesofthissyst,,theroutenetworkofthissystemcanbepartiallyimplementedbyfirstlylayingtrafficsignalsinintersectionsandthengraduallyintroducingtechniquessuchasthepassengerinformationsystem,,theloadingcapacityofthesystemwillbegradutyintimeitisneeded,andhelpstomaintainabettersuptems(suchasundergroundsystems)intheirearlierdaysofoperation,)MetroBusSystem:ATransientSystemBetweenOrdinaryBusSystemAndLarge-capacityRailTransitTheMetroBusSystemadoptsthegroundtransportmodethatenablestheroutescanbeeasilyadjustedorchanged,orevenupgradedtorailtransitsystemswithalargerloadingcTransprotationInSuzhouSincethebeginningoftheeconomicreformandopening-uptotheoutsideworld,thesocialeconomyinSuzhouhasquicklydevelopeda,,thecapitalofthecountry,whileitsamountofpublictransitis728,whichisonly1/9ofthatofBeijing,,whichisonly1/,%,Hefei,Guangzhou,Shanghai,etc..WhyAccordingtosurveysofthesituation,themainreasonforthisisthepubl/4ofthemcomplainforthecrowdedsituationinsidebuses,about1/5ofthemcomplainforthepoortimereliabilityofthepublictransit,andabout1/3ofthemcomplainforwastingtoomuchtimeinwaitingforbuses....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    LongGuoqiangResearchReportNo007,,theprocessofeconomicglobalization,drivenbytechnologicalprogress,hasgraduallyspedupnomicdevelopmentstrategiesofvariouscountries,ithasalsoposedgravechallengestothesestrategies,especiallytot:Onecomponentisanimportsu,throughtheprotectionofthedomesticmarket,thedomesticnewlyemergedindustries(infantindustries)fromb,theUnitedStatesandGermanyallintroducedanimportsubstitutestrategytoadifferentextentintheircatch-upperiod,,LatinAmericancountriesintroducedimportsubstitutestrategy,,asimportsubstitutestrategyfendedoffthepressurefrominternationalcompetition,thesecountries’internationalcompetitivenesswascomparativelylower,s,andasaresult,,LatinAmericancountrieshavegraduallyadjustedth,h,theirgovernmentsontheonehand,used"industrialpolicies"asatooltosupportthe"pillarindustries"soastoincreasetheirinternationalcompetitivenessandexpandtheirinternationalmarket;ontheotherhand,theyalsousedvariousmeanstoprotecttheirdomesticmarketssoastoproviddstrategyinJapan,theRepublicofKoreaandothercountrieswasthatduringthecoldwar,theUnitedStatesofferedanextremelyimportantmarketaccessopportunityforJapanes,removingnon-tariffbarriersandintroducingnationaltreatmenthavemadethedevelopingcementationofanimportsubsti,theGATTandWTOrulesagainstsubsidiesanddumpinghaveimposedpowerf,withtheendofthecoldwar,politicalcompetitionwasreplacedbyecortuniti,somenewlyemergedcountriesfounditincreasinglydifficulttoimplementtheirindustravechallenges,ustrializationstrategies,italsohasbrought,alongwithfastertechnologicalprogress,thelifecycleofproductshasbeenshortenedandtheriskofthemanufacturingindustry’,somedevelopedcountriesstartedmovingtheirtraditionalindustriesto,thistransnationalmovementofindustriesh,eeelaborateinordertoacquirast,theongoingeconomicglobalizationhasmadeitpossiblefortransnationalcorporationstogloballyallocatethedifferentlinksinaproduct’,transnationalcorporationshaveplacedgrowingemphasisontechnologydevelopment,brandmanagementandmarketingnetworks,andhavecontractedouttheirmanufacturingactivitiesasmuchaspossibletothecost-effectiveenterprisesinthedevelopingcountriesthroughoriginalentrustedmanufacturing(OEM).Theensuingchangesarethatthedevelopingcountriesareassumingincreasinglyimportantpositionsinthefieldofmanufacturingandareevenreas,inadditiontoforeigninvestment,whatismoreimportantisthatthelocalindustriesofthedevel,thedivisionoflaborbetweentheindustrializedcountriesandthedevelopingcountrieswasmainlyofaverticalnaturebecauseofhigh-degreetradeprotection,inthetraditionalindustriessuchastextileandlig,transnationalcorporationshave,inadditiontomovingtheirproductioncapacitiestothedevelopingcountries,alsoheavilyreliedoointroducetechnologies,managementandstandardsfromtransnationalcorporations,carryoutproductionandoperationactivitiesinmoreindustrial,traditionally,makingandexportingla,withthedeepeningofeconomicglobalizationandinordertocopewithfiercercompetition,theAmericanBoeingCompanyhasdistributeditsmanufawercost....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangXiaojiInordertoimplementtheconsensusreachedbytheheadsofstateofChina,JapanandRepublicofKorea(ROK)attheManila"10+3"conferenceheldinNovember1999,theDevelopmentResearchCenter,authorizedbytheStateCouncil,conductedjointresearchontheeconomiccooperationamongthethreecountriesalongwiththeNationalInstituteforResearchAdvancement(NIRA)ofJapanandKoreanInstituteforInternationalEconomicPolicy(KIEP).AttheBrunei"10+3"conferenceheldinNovember2001,thethreeinstitutionspresentedthefirst"JointPolicyRecommendations"(seeappendix),theproposalconcerninnAffairs,theMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,theGeneralAdministr,JapanandKo,(RTA)ccountedformorethan50percentoftheworld’,includingservicetradeandinvestment,andevencont"stumblingblocks"toglobaltradeliberalization,whileothersregardthemasthe"foundationstones"for,thefactthatregionalismisspreadingacrosstheglobeindicatesthatcountries,proceedingfromtheirownpracticalinterestsorpoliticalinterests,arestillseekingtoestablishbilateralormultilateralregioaltradeagreements,thesecountriesdonotwanttomissanychancestoparticipateinneighboringregionaltradeagreementsforfearofbeing"marginalized"(EU)andtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreement(NAFTA)arebyfarthetwomaheplantoestablishtheFreeTradeAreaofAmerica(FTAA),itishighlypossiblethatinthenext10years,,thecountriesin(ASEAN)planstoestablishafreetradeareacomprising10membercountries,andSingaporehasreachedagreementwithJapanonabilateraleconomicpartnershipinthenewera(JSEPA).However,whethertheEastAsianregioncantrulyformaregionaltradeblocthatcancompetewithEuropeandAmericadependsverymuchonhoweconomiccooperationwilldevelopamongChina,’"10+3"framework,thethreecountries’"10+3"conferencein2001,ChinareachedconsensuswiththeASEANontheestablishmentofafreetradearea,,themovehasputanenormouspressureonJapanandKorea,andmaywellforcethetwocountriestorecoeaswiththeASEANbutal,JapanandKoreaInthepast10years,thetradeamongthethreecountrieshasbyandlargem,,,theNAFTA,theSouthernCommonMarket,theASEANandotherregionaltradeblocs,boththeproportionandtheconcentrationcoefficiento,thethreecountries’tradestructure,comparativeadvantages,divisionofproductionandotherimportantfactorsaffectingtheintra-regionaltradeareundergoingchangesandt-,ofthetopsixmajorcommoditiesinChina’sexporttoKorea,fourwerealsorankedamongthetopsixmajorcommoditiesinChina’’simportfromKorea,fivew’sexports,thegrowt,Sino-KoreantradeisgraduallyassuminggreaterimportanceinChina’sforeigntrade,w,thep,inain2001surpassedthattoJapanforthefirsttimeinhistory....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,10-200米GeYanfengTherapideconomicdevelopmentsincereformandopening-,however,thecontradictionofincomedistributionhasbecomemoreandmoreapparentwitheachpassingdayandbeguntoproducenegativeimpactuponthest,andespeciallyduringthe10thFive-YearPlanperiod,,,,itwouldindicateextremeinequalityandforete,thegapofincomeswasnotverybigeitherbetweenurbanresidentsorbetweenruralresidents,,theGinicoefficie,nthetendencytooverestimatetheincomesofgroups,forinstance,,ontheotherhand,thenon-currencybenefitincomesofthosegroupswithhighincomesstillaccountforaverybigproportionogofthegapofincomes,ommissionsincludingtheNationalBureauoealedthattheproportionofthebankingdepositsoftheruralhouseholdsaccountingfor20percentofthetotalnumberoftheruralhousehold,itisnotraretoseeindividualhousehold,,therearestilltensofmillionsofpeoplewhohavenotyetsolvedtheirproblemoffoodandclothing;andintheurbanareas,thenumberofhouseholdswhoseaverageper-capitamonthlyincomeandexpenditureislessthan100yuanaccountedforsuchabigproportionas6percentofthetotalnumberoftheurbanhouseholdssampledinadoo,however,thatthewideningofthegapofincomeshasbeg,ecitieshaverevealed,forinstance,thatofthe20percenthouseholdswithlowincomes,morethan70percentinallthecitiescoveredinthesurveysawadecreaseintheiractualincomesin1999ascomparedwith1998,,thewideningofthegapofincomesintermsofpolarizationoftherichandthepoorandthatingofthegapofincomeshasnotonlymanifesteditselfinthepolarizationoftherichandthepoorintermsofindividualsocialmembers,,betweendifferentregions,andbetweendifferentindustriesandsectors,ofwhich,thebiggestproblemliesinentheurbanandtheruralareasandthatbetweendifferentregionsinourcountryhavenowoutgro,polarizationbetweenthestratumwithhighincomesandthatwithlowincomes,andtheformationofapoorstratuminparticular,,itisthefarmersinpoverty-strickenareasthathaveformedthepoorstratum;andintheurbanareas,thepoorstratumismainlycomposedofthestaffandworkerswhoarebeingemployed,(laidoff)orretiredfromstateorcollectively-ownedenterpriseswithpooreconomicbenefits,apartfromthevulnerablegroupofthesocietyincludingwidowers,widows,orphans,thechildless,thesick,andthedisabled.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    尊龙客户端登录WangQuanbinResearchReportNo112,2002HowistheprocessofChina’smarketizationafterovertwodecadesofreformHasChinabecomeacountrywithamarketeconomyAfteranalyzingtherelevantstudiesbothinChinaandabroad,wecancome,inwhichthemarketmechanismplaysaconstantlygrowingroleinacountry’,inwhichtheresourcesofac,theformerreferstoamarketizationinthesenseofdevelopment,whi,China’smarketiza,untryinreformortransitionmoreinthe,,,inthefinalanalysis,vealsthatthedesignofindicatorshasbecomemoreana’seconom,withthedeepeningofreform,Chinahasbeenadvancinginthedirectionofmarkurement(seetable1).Therefore,marketizationhasbeenthedirectionoftheeconomicreformoverthepasttwodecades.LiShantong,LuZhongyuan,HouYongzhi,LiuYongandFengJieAsacomplicatedandhugesystemengineeringundertaking,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectwillgenerateprofoundandlastingimpactonth,itisimperativetocorrectlyhandletherelationshipbetweenwatersavingandwaterdiversion,pollutioncontrolandwatersupply,environmentalprotectionandwaterutilization,pamongwatersupplyareas,waterreceivingareasandareasalongthewaterdiversionroutes,aswellastherela,effortsshouldbemadetostartwatersavingpriortowaterdiversion,andchangethesituationofext,industryandurbanconstruction,whichwillfatallyoffsettheeconomicandsocialef,,China’stotalwaterutilisationforagriculturalfieldirrigationhasreached344billionm3,%,theeffectiveutilisationrateofirrigationwaterisonly30-40%,whilethatofthedevelopedcountriesstandsat70-80%.InChina,grainproductioncapacitypercubicmeterofwaterisonlyaroundonekilogram,%oftheirrigatedareasinChina,thissystemleaksaway130billionm3ofwatereachyear,accountingformorethan70%,waterutilisationinin,theoutputofonetonofsteeluses23-56tonsofwater,whileintheUSA,JapanandGermany,,whileinthedevelopedcountries,,therateofre-utilisationofindustrialwaterisonly30-40%,whileitisover75%%,andinsomecities,itisashighasabove15%.Facedwiththeshortsupplyofwaterresource,thesituationofextensiveutilisation,thesouth-ges,soastoc’sextensiveutilisationandseriouswasteofwaterresourceincludetheoutdatedconceptionsaswellasthewaterre,itisnecessarytocompletethefollowingsixconceptionandinstitutionalchanges:(1)changetheconceptionthatregardswaterasinexhaustible,increasetheawarenessthatfreshwaterresourceislimited;(2)changethepracticeofonlypreventingthedamageofwatertohumanbeings,preventespeciallythedamageofhumanbeingstothewaterresourceaswell,soastoachieveharmoniousco-existenceofmanandnature;(3)changethepracticeoffocusingonwaterresourcedevelopment,utilisationandcontrol,strengthentheappropriateallocation,effectivesavingandreasonableutilisationofwaterresourceonthepremiseofprotectingandimprovingtheecologicalenvironment;(4)changethepracticeofwatersupplybasedondemand,increasewaterutilisationefficiencyandguaranteedwatersupply,makenationaleconomicdevelopmentplansandindustrialdistributionbasedonthedemandandsupplyconditionsofwaterresource;(5)changethepracticeof"givingequalprioritytoopeningupmorechannelsofsupplies,watersavingandpollutioncontrol"to"watersavingfirst,pollutioncontrolmust,andseekingmorewatersupplyfrommultiplechannels";and(6)changethewaterresourcemanagementdispersedinseveraldepartmentsundertheplannedeconomytoacentralizedmanagementthat"coversbothlandandwaterareas",,pollutionalongthebankoftheYangtseRiver–thewatersourceareaoftheeasternrouteofthesouth-to-northwaterdiversionproject–,largevolumeofuntreatedurbanwastewaterisdirectlydischargedintotheRiver,creatingatleastbanwasterwater,thewaterofthewatersourceareaalsoconcealspotentialproblemsofbio-pollutionbyspecificorganismsparticularlyfoundintheSouth,,relevantmeasuresshouldbeadoptedassoonaspossibletocontrolpollutionanddGanziregions,,theysufferfromserioussoilerosioncausedbydegeneratedgrasslands,desertificationandwildrats,whichnotonlyrunagainstwaterconservancyatthesource,butalsoseriouslythreatelutionandecologicaldamagesmalongthemiddleandeasternr,theprop%.In2001,eightministriesandgovernmentdepartments,includingtheStateEnvironmentalProtectionAdministrationandtheStateDevelopmentandPlanningCommission,carriedoutaninspection,whichdiscoveredthattherewasnofundamentalchangeinthestructuralpollutionalongtheHuaiRiver,anditwasespeciallydifficulttobring,52sewagedisposalplantsshouldbeconstructedintherivervalley,promotingco-ordinatedeconomicalongthewaterdiversionroutesAsahugecross-valleyandlong-distanceproject,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectmayinvolvestate-levelecologicalprotectionzonesoroftheseareas,,effortsshouldbemadetobringbenefitratherthanharmtotheareas,effectivelymaintaintheecologicalprotectionzonesandspeeduptheareasandtheconstructionofsmalltowns,resettlementanddevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesalongthe,themajorcausesofthedisasterincludedisrepairofthewaterconservancyprojectsandtheconstructionoftownshipandvillageenterpriseandprivatepremisesinsidetheflooddischargeandfloodstorageareas,,whileeffortsshouldbemadetoeffectivelyplanandprotecttheflooddischargeandstorageareas,relocatetheprivateandthetownshipandvillageenterprisepremisesfromtheareas,andincorporatetheeffortofconstructingsmalltownswiththatofacceleratingthedevelopmentof,effortsshouldbemadetoprotecttheimmediateinterestsofimmigrantsandensurethattheyarecontentwiththeirnewhousingandjobstopreventthemfromreturningtonativeplaces....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChengXiushengResearchReportNo238,2000Intheearlydaysofitsdriveofreformandopening-up,Chinagrantedpreferentialpolicytreatmentandsupporttotheprivatesectorforthepurposeofchangingthesituationofunitaryownership,andthereforeprelimi,thenon-Statesectorshiphasforerunthestatesect,thenon-publicsectorhasgrowntoaconsiderablesize,resultinginasituationofco-developmentoftheState,,theprivatesectorh,China’sprivateengofthestateeconomy(characterizedbytheadvancementofsomeoftheseenterprisesandwithdrawalofsomeothers)callfortheprivana’sentryintoWTO,thecountry’’snationaleconomy,thefulfillmentofitsthird-stepstrategicgoalofeconomicdevelopment,anditsattainmentofthelevelofmoderatelydevelopedcountriesinthemiddleofthenextcentury,theprivatesec,itisnecessarytokeepproper’sprivateeconomyhasalwaysmaintaineditstrendofrapidgrowthsinceChina’,thenumberofregi,thenumberoftheem,,and’snationaleconomyatthefastestspeed,theprivatesectorhasplayedaremarkableroleinspurringtherapidgrowthoftheChina’seconomyandgainedthefollowingbasiccharacteristics:----DeparturefromthephaseofprimitiveaccumulationandgrowthtoafairlyconsiderableeconomicsizeasawholeAsgenerallyreferredtoineconomicdocuments,theprivateeconomicsectorcoversmainlyprivateenterprises,theeconomicsectorofindividualownership,andcompaniesdevelopedfromprivateenterprisesinausualsense,mmerce,,thetotalregisteredcapitaloftheseenterprisesreachedRMB1,,,individually-runind,,,employmentofworkersandgenerationoftotaloutput,theprivatesectorhasnowgainedaroughly10-20percentshareofChina’snationaleconomyandbecomeanimprofnon-Stateownership,theprivateeconomicsectorhasnowtakenupashareofmorethan60percentofandgainedadominantpositioninChina’snationaleconomyintermsofquantity.----Animportantroleininvestment,employment,taxpayment,foreignexchangeearning,andscientificandtechnicaldevelopmentInvestmentbytheprivateeconomicsectornowaccountsforabout15-20percentandthatbynon-Stateeconomicsectorincludingtheeconomicsectorofcollectiv,thesectorasawholeearnedUS$,whileprivately-runindustrincehasnowbecomeanimportantfactorwithadirectbearingonthehealthyperformanceofChina’,theyhaveundergonethreephasesofdevelopmentinChina--thephaseofbudding,thephaseofaccelerateddevelopmentandthephaseofmaturity,,thenumberofprivately-runscientificandtechnicalenterpriseshasnowgrownto200,,theseenterprisesearnedRMB1,000billioninrevenuefromtechnicalandindustrialprojectsandtrade,,andUS$----Withenlargedaveragesizeofcapitalandenhancedstrength,anumberofprivateenterprisesaredevelopingtowardsascaleeconomyBytheendof1999,theaverageregisteredcapitaloftheprivateenterprisesinChinareachedoverRMB680,000,morethanfivetimestheamountofRMB98,1millionhit200,000,about73,millionwas17,000(figuresended1998),andthosewhoseregisteredcapitalsurpassedRMB10millionnumbered9,,,,’sprivateenterpriseshasgrowncons迪拜皇宫PT金钱蛙重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,YuBinZhangLiqunSincethebeginningofthisyear,theChineseeconomyhasmaintai,thegrowthofconsumerdemandhasbeensteady,thestructureofsupplyhasimproved,andth,thefollowingissuesconcerningeconomicoperationshouldreceivespecia’,theworldeconomicgrowthhasvisiblysloweddownd,makingtheec,,theimpactofclearlyincreaseduncertaintiesonChina’neweconomybubble,ersandinvestorsandboostedtherisk-avertingconsciousnessofthepeople,,itisstilldifficulttodeterminet,,invethrecovery,’,,thebadassetsoffinancial,’,msandtheirfoundationforrecoverywasnotsolid,’,,thew,,exportgrewonlyby7percentoverthesameperiodayearago,,,theproblemofglobaloverproduction,ernationalmarket,importandotherchannelsafterChina’,thesaggingworldeconomy,thesluggishstockmarketsandtheincreasedfinancialriskswilladversely,thewaragainstterrorismcouldaggravateregionalconflicts,increasetheuncertaintiesintheworldpoliticalandeconomicorder,andimpairChina’,weshouldalsoseethatthechangesintheinternationaleconomicenvironmenthavecreatedfavorableopportunitiesforChinatoattracttechno,overproductionandfiercercompetitionhavereducedthecostofChina’’sexcellentmomentumofeconomicdevelopmentanditsenormousmarketpotent,henergeticforeignenterprisesandimportingtechnologiesandequipmentforkeyareasandlinkswillbeofvitalimportancetoenhancingtheinternationalcompetitivenessoftheChineseindustries,narrowingtheirtechnologicalgapwithforeigncounterparts,meetingthech,therefore,Chinashouldworkoutstrategicplansfortheimport,thedigestionofmajortechnologiesandequipment,theestablishmentofjointventuresandthecooperationbytakingfulladvantageofthefavorableopportun,itshouldexpandim,whilethecontributiontoeconomicgrowthbyforeigndemandhasvisiblyweakened,theexpansi,thetotalamountoffixedassetinvestmentand,,,China’seconomicdeve,therearebothfacto,thefoundationisstillnotsolidforacontinuedexpansionofdomesticdemand....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhaoJinpingAfteritsWTOaccession,Chinahasbeenfacingadualstrategictaskofacceleratingopeningupandexpeditingstructuraladjustmentinordertorespondtothenewchangesininternationaldivisionof,analyzingthebasicfeaturesofforeign-investedindustriesandtheirimpactonstructuralupgradingisofvitalimportanceforstudyingandformulatingindustrialprialenterprisesareclearlybetterthanthoseofthenon-foreign-investedindustrialenterprisesandhavehelpedimprovethetechnicalcompetenceandinternationalcompetitivenessofChina’,theaveragerateofcapitalequipmentofChina’,whichwas31p/totalassets,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalesrevenuewererespectively41percent,11perc,theelectronicandcommunicationsequipmentmanufacturingindustries,thenon-foreign-dustrialenterprises,terpriciencyoftheforeign-investedindustrialent’sindustryaswhole,includingforeign-investedindustrialenterprises,was912,000yuan,whichwas6percenthigherth,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalerevenueincreasedrespectivelyby8percent,ctronicandcommunicationsequipment,transp,theycouldberegardedastheannualaverageofthelhavemadetangiblecontributionstotheimprovementoftheoveralltechnicalequipmentandinput-outputefficiencyofChina’,itisalsoamanifestationofthetechnology,swheretheproportionofforeign-investedenterprisesishigher,theexportofthe,theindustriesthathavemoreforeigninvestmenthaveastrongerinternationalcompetitivenessandexportadvantageandhencebecomeanimportantfactorforspurringthedevelopmentofChina’sexport-orientedeconomyandustrialpreferenceforlabor-intensiveindustries,andthisstructuralfeaturreign-investedsectorinallforeilytheprocessingindustriesoffinishedproducts,(1)themonopolyindustriesinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;(2)thedomesticindustriesthathavesolidbasesandenjoymarkedcompetitiveadvantages;and(3)theindustriesthatentaillongertimeforin(orthelesscapital-intensive)anindustry,’slabor-intensiveindustriesorthelabor-intensiveprocessinglinksofthecapital-intensiveindustries,whichenjoycomparativeadvantages,,thelevelofiheindustriesnationwidecanbefurtherdividedintotwofactors:theaveragel,theastries,tmentdistribution,,theroleofforeigninvestmentinpromotingstructuralupgradingis,thepreferenceofforeigninvestmentforlabor-intensiveindustriesoffsetsinacertaindegreetheupgradingeffectoft’homecountries(orregions)forindustrialtransfer,theinternationalmarketstrategiesoftransnationalcorporations,,;twoisthemarketaccessrestrictionsontheindustriesofnaturalmonopolyandtheindustriesofspecializedequipmentinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;andthreeistheneglectofthetechnicaltransformationandupgradingofthetraditionalindustries....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GeYanfeng,WangXuTianKaiResearchReportNo140,2002Overall,China’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganizationisnotonlyconducivetothelong-termdevelopm,however,WTOaccessionmeansfiercercompetitionandfurthermajorstructuraladjustmentofChina’,someoftheexistingsocialcontradictionsandproblemsmayaggravanoverallsenseisbeingmadeineconomicandsocialdevelopment,theinterestsofs,a"Non-ParetoImprovement",especiallythoseofvulnerablegroups,shouldbecomeabasicstartingpointoftheChinesegovernment’ansitionandespeciallytheissuesconcerningtheemployment,incomeandotherbasicrightsandinterestsofvulnerablegroups,theChinesegovernmenthasinrecentyearstakenmanyproactiv:--Inte,inlightofinadequatedomesticdemand,proactivefiscalmeasuresandprudentmonetarypolicies,diversetoolsweretakentoencouragethesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesthatcouldcontributemoretoemploymentexpansion,whilefurtherreformmeasureswereintroducedtodevelopth,,anactivereemploymentprojectwaslaunchedtoensurethataconsiderablenumberoftheworkerslaidoffbythestate-ownedenterprisescouldfindjobsagainandthatmostofthemwereguaranteedabasicincomeandlife.--EmploymentshiftwasactivelypromotedtosolvetheprominentstructuralcontradictionofemploymentInlightofthestructuralcontradictionofemploymentbetweendifferentownerships,themostimportantpolicymeasu,theold-ageinsuranceandmedicalinsurancewereexpandedtothedomainofnon-publicownershipsoastoremovethefearsoftheworkersinth,anactiveexplorationwasmadeonhowtocompensatetheoldworkersfor"contributiondeduction"oyment,effortsweremadetoactivelydevelopnon-farmoccupationsandsmalltownssoa,thepermanentresidenc,thecentralgov,thegovernmentorganiz,theunemploymentinsurancesystemalsodevelopedfairlyfast.--,marketregulationmechanismwasestablishedandimprovedtominimizetheirrationalityintheareaofprimarydistr,personalincometaxandinteresttaxwereintroducedandtaxcollect,,andraisingthewagelevelsofthoseworkinginadministrativeo,,theminimumlivingguaranteesystemwaswidelyimplement,povertyreductioneffortswerealsointensified,andtheminimumlivinggu,someeffect,"twoguarantees"wereimplementedintheurbanareasandplayedanimportantroleinensuringthebasiclivingconditionsfortheworkerslaidoffbythestate-ownedenterprisesandalsofortheretiredpeople.--Activelyharmonizelabormanagementrelationsandstrengthentheprotectionofemployees’,Chinahaspromulgatedaser"LaborLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChina",the"RegulationsofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaConcerningtheHandlingofCorporateLaborDisputes",the"RegulationsontheProhibitionofUsingChildLabor",the"RegulationsonCollectiveContracts,theRegulationsonMinimumWages",the"DecisionoftheStateCouncilontheAmendmentoftheRegulationsoftheStateCouncilConcerningtheWorkingHoursofStaffandWorkers",andotherlawsandregulationsconcerningold-ageinsurance,medicalinsurance,industr,prehensivelypromotetherolesoftradeunionsinrepresentingandsafeguardingtherig,Chinaadoptedthe"TradeUnionLawofthePeople’sRepublic"in1992,andadoptedthe"ArticlesofAssociationoftheChineseTradeUnions"’sCongressadoptedthe"ResolutionontheAmendmentoftheTradeUnionLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChina",tradeunionshavebeenestablishedinmoreandmorenon-state-ownedenterprisesinadditiontostate-ownedones....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以RenXingzhouTheSino-USbilateralagreementonChina’sentryintoWTOconcernsthecommoditydistributionserviceinthesectorof“distributionservice”undertheitemof“servicetrade”.Itmainlyincludesfourparts:commissionbusiness,wholesales,,,theopeningofdistributionservicemarketandtheentryofforeignlargecommercialbusinesseswillexertmajorimpactoverChina’heWTOagreement,wecanfindthatdistributionservic(mainlycirculationofconsumergoods),butalsoinvolvethecirculationofproductionmaterialsandindustrialproducts,aswellasdistributionservices’sactualsituation,theopeningofdistributionservicewillexertimpactonthefollowingaspects:hina’,wecanfindthatthecurrentopeningofretailmarkethasgonebeyoinprinciple,theStateCouncilandlocalgovernmentshaveapprovednearly300jointventur’,trialexperimentshaveext,companiestorealizesalesinothercities,andtheopeninglbusine,thecompetit’sentryintoWTO,’sretailmarket,,foreignfirmswillnotdealafatalblowtoChina’,fromanactivepointofview,theforeignretailbusinesseswillbringintoChinanotonlythefundsthatChina’seconomicdevelopmentneeds,butalsoadvancedoperationideas,technologiesandmarketingmethods,,theChinashouldgivecommercialcapitalisthemostactivecapital;theretailsectorhasalowthresholdfornewinvestors;theproportionoffixedcapitalislow;thereturnrateoninvestmentishigh,,foreignlargecommercialbusinesseshavesharpercompetitionedge,theywillexerthighpressur,,somecountriesthathavejocommoditywholesalebusinessSincethemarketofdaily-useindustrialproductswasopenedinmid-1980s,thestate-ownedcommoditywholesaleenterpriseshavebeeninadifficulttime,,,withmodernwholesaletechnology,managementandcapitaladvantage,,withtheadvanceofmodernITtechnology,improvementoftransportationandprogressinmaterialflowtechnology,thewholesaleenterprises’marketingareah,accordingtothebilateralagreement,Chinawillgraduallyallowforeign-investedmanufa,thesesale,theywillusetheirownmarketingchannelstoturnthewholedistributionprocess,fromtheproducerstoconsumers,erpriseswhichhavelongbeencharacterizedbyaseparationofproductionfrommarketing,,,especiallyafterforeignlargechainstoreenterprisesenterChina’,retailandproductionfirmstohavealargerroomformarketexpansion,thusposinganothermajorchallengetoChina’,theentryofforeignwholesaleandretailenterpriseswillalsobringaboutnewopportunitiestoChina’,foreignfirmswilldefinitelyincreasethepurchaseofdomesticallymadeproductsandmotivatetheexportof,foreignwholesaleenterpriseswillalsobringinmodernwholesalemanagement,distributionandmaterialsflowoperationtechnology,whichwillhelpChina’swholesaleindustryreducecost,,however,thatafterChina’sentryintoWTO,foreign-investedwholesaleenterpriseswithobviouscompetitiveness,modernwholesalemanagementtechnologyandthestrengthtobuildwholesaleandcommoditydeliveryc,Chinaofferedspecificpledgeconcerningthedistribution(whichvarieswithdifferentproducts).Theindustriesandproductstobemoreaffectedare:pharmaceuticals(wholesaleandretailofmedicines),petrochemicals(petroleum,pesticidesandchemicalfertilizers),andmachine-buildingindustry(mainlyautomobile)....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、迪拜皇宫PT金钱蛙用户至上广东会手机娱乐场LiShantong,LuZhongyuan,HouYongzhi,LiuYongandFengJieAsacomplicatedandhugesystemengineeringundertaking,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectwillgenerateprofoundandlastingimpactonth,itisimperativetocorrectlyhandletherelationshipbetweenwatersavingandwaterdiversion,pollutioncontrolandwatersupply,environmentalprotectionandwaterutilization,pamongwatersupplyareas,waterreceivingareasandareasalongthewaterdiversionroutes,aswellastherela,effortsshouldbemadetostartwatersavingpriortowaterdiversion,andchangethesituationofext,industryandurbanconstruction,whichwillfatallyoffsettheeconomicandsocialef,,China’stotalwaterutilisationforagriculturalfieldirrigationhasreached344billionm3,%,theeffectiveutilisationrateofirrigationwaterisonly30-40%,whilethatofthedevelopedcountriesstandsat70-80%.InChina,grainproductioncapacitypercubicmeterofwaterisonlyaroundonekilogram,%oftheirrigatedareasinChina,thissystemleaksaway130billionm3ofwatereachyear,accountingformorethan70%,waterutilisationinin,theoutputofonetonofsteeluses23-56tonsofwater,whileintheUSA,JapanandGermany,,whileinthedevelopedcountries,,therateofre-utilisationofindustrialwaterisonly30-40%,whileitisover75%%,andinsomecities,itisashighasabove15%.Facedwiththeshortsupplyofwaterresource,thesituationofextensiveutilisation,thesouth-ges,soastoc’sextensiveutilisationandseriouswasteofwaterresourceincludetheoutdatedconceptionsaswellasthewaterre,itisnecessarytocompletethefollowingsixconceptionandinstitutionalchanges:(1)changetheconceptionthatregardswaterasinexhaustible,increasetheawarenessthatfreshwaterresourceislimited;(2)changethepracticeofonlypreventingthedamageofwatertohumanbeings,preventespeciallythedamageofhumanbeingstothewaterresourceaswell,soastoachieveharmoniousco-existenceofmanandnature;(3)changethepracticeoffocusingonwaterresourcedevelopment,utilisationandcontrol,strengthentheappropriateallocation,effectivesavingandreasonableutilisationofwaterresourceonthepremiseofprotectingandimprovingtheecologicalenvironment;(4)changethepracticeofwatersupplybasedondemand,increasewaterutilisationefficiencyandguaranteedwatersupply,makenationaleconomicdevelopmentplansandindustrialdistributionbasedonthedemandandsupplyconditionsofwaterresource;(5)changethepracticeof"givingequalprioritytoopeningupmorechannelsofsupplies,watersavingandpollutioncontrol"to"watersavingfirst,pollutioncontrolmust,andseekingmorewatersupplyfrommultiplechannels";and(6)changethewaterresourcemanagementdispersedinseveraldepartmentsundertheplannedeconomytoacentralizedmanagementthat"coversbothlandandwaterareas",,pollutionalongthebankoftheYangtseRiver–thewatersourceareaoftheeasternrouteofthesouth-to-northwaterdiversionproject–,largevolumeofuntreatedurbanwastewaterisdirectlydischargedintotheRiver,creatingatleastbanwasterwater,thewaterofthewatersourceareaalsoconcealspotentialproblemsofbio-pollutionbyspecificorganismsparticularlyfoundintheSouth,,relevantmeasuresshouldbeadoptedassoonaspossibletocontrolpollutionanddGanziregions,,theysufferfromserioussoilerosioncausedbydegeneratedgrasslands,desertificationandwildrats,whichnotonlyrunagainstwaterconservancyatthesource,butalsoseriouslythreatelutionandecologicaldamagesmalongthemiddleandeasternr,theprop%.In2001,eightministriesandgovernmentdepartments,includingtheStateEnvironmentalProtectionAdministrationandtheStateDevelopmentandPlanningCommission,carriedoutaninspection,whichdiscoveredthattherewasnofundamentalchangeinthestructuralpollutionalongtheHuaiRiver,anditwasespeciallydifficulttobring,52sewagedisposalplantsshouldbeconstructedintherivervalley,promotingco-ordinatedeconomicalongthewaterdiversionroutesAsahugecross-valleyandlong-distanceproject,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectmayinvolvestate-levelecologicalprotectionzonesoroftheseareas,,effortsshouldbemadetobringbenefitratherthanharmtotheareas,effectivelymaintaintheecologicalprotectionzonesandspeeduptheareasandtheconstructionofsmalltowns,resettlementanddevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesalongthe,themajorcausesofthedisasterincludedisrepairofthewaterconservancyprojectsandtheconstructionoftownshipandvillageenterpriseandprivatepremisesinsidetheflooddischargeandfloodstorageareas,,whileeffortsshouldbemadetoeffectivelyplanandprotecttheflooddischargeandstorageareas,relocatetheprivateandthetownshipandvillageenterprisepremisesfromtheareas,andincorporatetheeffortofconstructingsmalltownswiththatofacceleratingthedevelopmentof,effortsshouldbemadetoprotecttheimmediateinterestsofimmigrantsandensurethattheyarecontentwiththeirnewhousingandjobstopreventthemfromreturningtonativeplaces....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HouYongzhiFengJieDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,China’seconomymaintainedarapidgrowth,whichincreasedtheovera,Chinasuccessfu:theeconomyrealizeda"softlanding",deflationwasbroughtundercontrol,structuraladjustmentsmadeprogress,ggravatinginequalityofincomedistribution,ModernizationDrive.(I)GreaterOverallEconomicStrengthDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,(GDP)(1979-1999)andevenlowerthanthe12percentduringthe8thFive-YearPlanperiod,(seechart1).In1999,China’sGDPtotaled8,,whichwascloseto1,,China’sGDPwasexpectedtoreach8,900billionyuan,whichexceededthe1,rategicplanforthemodernizationdrive,Chinahassuccessfullyaccomplishedtheaggregatetargetsforthisperiod.(II)Better-offLifeforthePeople"Abetter-offlifeforthepeopleby2000"wasanimporta,thepercapitadisposableincomeofurbanfamiliesrosefrom4,283yuanto5,854yuanandthepercapitanetincomeofruralfamilieswentupfrom1,578yuanto2,,totalsavingsdepositsoftheurbanandruralresidentsmorethandoubled,risingfrom2,,,withthepercapitasavingsalsodoubledfrom2,356yuanto4,,thetotalsavingsoftheurbanandruralresidentswere238timesasmuchasthatbytheendof1980,,otherfinancialassetsoftheresidents,includingforeignexchangedeposits,stocks,bondsandcash,、DVOR--AsurveyreportfromSOEmanagersin2000ResearchReportNo53,2001TheChineseEntrepreneursSurveySystemunderthePersonnelCentreoftheDevelopmentResearchCentreoftheStateCouncilandtheResearchDepartmentofChinaEnterprisesFederationjointlyorganizedandimplementedthe"2000:Asurveybyquestionnairesamong1,000SOEmanagers".Atotalof4,000questionnairesweredistributedattheendof2000and1,ses(SOEs)basedin31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesexceptHongKong,,%,46%%.Thesurveyshowsthatmostofthemanagersagreethattheadministrativereformandrelationshipadjustmentbetweenthegovernmentandenterpriseshaveachievedinitialresults;gratifyingchangeisseenintherelationsbetweenownershipandmanagementofenterprises,thepositionofthestateasaninvestorhasgraduallybeenclarified,andthesimultaneousassessmentofmanagersandstateassetshaschangeddrastically;thenumberofenterprisestransformedinstructurehasincreased,butthereisalongwaytogobeforeasubstantialprogresscanbemade;theenterprises’stockrighthasbeenmorediversified;’effort,sifymanagementandhavethereforemuchupgradedtechnologicallevel,butcomparedwiththedevelopedcountries,therestillexistsawidegap-theinvestmentinRDisnotsufficient,andtechnologicaldevelopmeivemeans;thestatelawsandregulationsexerciseeffectivepowerovertheenterprisemanagers,buttheappointmentofthemandtheirdeputiesaremainlymadebysuperiordepartments;lackofincentivemechanismandadministrativeinterfer,themanagershaveputforwardquiteafewsuggestionsforthegovernmenttoimprovemacroeconomicenvironment:thegovernmentshouldcreateamorelenientclimateforSOEs,stepupeffortstocurb"arbitraryfines,chargesandlevies",furtherreducethetaxburdenonenterprises,continuetoseverelycrackdownonsmugglingandimprovemarketorderthroughstricterl(1),th"howwouldyouevaluatethecurrentadministrativereformandadjustmentofgovernment-enterpriserelationship",1%ofthemanagersresponded"verysatisfied";20%ofthemsaid"fairlysatisfied";%"so-so";%"notquitesatisfied";%"verymuchunsatisfied."Thisindicatesthatamajorityofmanagersbelievedthattheadministrativereformandadjustmentofgovernment-enterpriserelationshiphasgainedinitialresults.(2)Theenterprises’,"guaranteeingenterprises’decision-makingpower",45%ofthesurveyedsaid"fairlygood";%"so-so";%"fairlybad".Thesurveyindicatesthatthe14itemsofdecision-makingpowerthatthestatedecl,moreeffsesandEstablishmentofaModernCorporateSystem(1)Gratifyingchang"Inwhataspectshastherelationsbetweenownershipandmanagementofyourenterprisebeenstreamlined",%ofthesurveyedanswered"thepositionofthestateasinvestorhasbeenclarified";31%agreedthat"thevariousself-decisionrightsoflegalentitieshavebeenbasicallyguaranteed";%said"enterprises’corporategovernancestructureiscomplete";%sharedthat"therepresentativeororganofstateownershipisclear";%ofthesurveyedbelievedthat"enterprisecorporategovernancestructureisreallyfunctioning";%replied"therelationshasnotbeenstreamlinedyet".Onthequestion"whethersomebodyororganisexercisingtherightofstateshareholdersonbehalfofthestate",%ofthemanagersreplied"yes"%,"no".,"whetherthedepartmentororgantoassessyourmanagersarealsoresponsibletoassessthemaintenanceandincreaseofstateassetvalue",80%ofthemanagerssaid"yes"andonly20%"no".ntrelations,butals,,%ofthemanagersbelievethattheircompanieshaverealizedstockrightdiversification.(2)%ofthemanagersreplied"havealreadyrestructured";%"notrestructuredyet";and39%"beingrestructured".Whatdoestherestructuringmeantoth%oftheanswerswere"thecompanies’internalmanagementsystemhasbeenimproved";%ofthereplieswere"theownership-managementrelationsareclarified";%oftherespondentssaid"ascientificandstandardizedcorporategovernancestructurehasbeensetup";%,"decision-makinghasbeenmorescientific";%,"thedecision-makingpowerhasbeenexpanded";%,"theenterprises’performancehasobviouslyturnedforthebetter"....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChenXiaohong,ZhangWenkuiLiZhaoxiResearchReportNo187,,thereformofthestateassetmanagementsystemisanimportantissuecloselylinkedtothereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,foritinvolvessuchspecificiss,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommitteealsolaiddownthestateassetmanagementprinciple,namely,the"centralizedstate-ownership,variouslevelsofgovernmentsupervisionandautomaticenterprisemanagement".TheFourthPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteefurtherstipulatedthesixteen-wordprincipleforstateassetmanagementsystem,namely,"stateownership,variouslevelsofmanagement,dividedsupervisionresponsibilitiesandauthorizedmanagement",andgavelocalgovernmentsmorepowerinthere,manymajorproblemsofthestateassetmanagementsystem,includingthebasicorientationandspecificpolicymanagement,especnagementsystem,,itremainsquiteambiguousinissuessuchasthemeaningofauthorization,sesdispersedinvariousgovernmentdepartments,enterprisesfeelatlossastowhomtoturntowhenimplementingdecisionsthatneedapprovalfromagensesandholdrelevantresponsibilities,theydonothavetheownershiprightsinlegaltermsand,therefore,,interferenceof"shareholders"thatbypasstheirimmediateleadersand"insidercontrol".Thisreportwillputforwardsomeviewsandproposalsontherelationshipforrightsforstate-ownedassets,SystemWheretheCeteassetswhileadheringto"state-ownership"lgovernmentsoverstateassetsisabasicissuerelated"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"andformulatenewstipulationson"authorizedmanagement""variouslevelsofmanagement"shouldbechangedinto"variouslevelsofownership".Webelievethatalthoughtheemergenceofthesystemandtheprincipleof"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"havetheirhistoricalrationale,,therefore,toadjustanddefinetheownershiprightsofthecentralandlocalgovernmentinvestors.·Chinahasalreadyrecognizedthepubliclyacknowledgedbasicprincipleofthemarketeconomicsystemof"whoeverinvestsowns"andhassetupcorrespondinglegalsystem,whichdeviatesfromtheprinciplethatgivesnoregardtoinvestorsbutcentralization;·Variouslevelsofgovernmentsalreadypossesstheownershiprightsatleastoverenterprisesinvestedbythecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsoroverthestate-ownedenterpriseswhosemanagementrightshavelongbeendelegatedtothecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsbythehigherlevelsofgovernments;therefore,anyeffortthatrefusestoadmittheexistingeconomicandlegalrelationsisapttoleadtoshort-termacts;·China’spublicfinancesystemisineffectahierarchicalsystemandwillbefurtherdevelopedandperfectedwiththecompletionofChina’staxationandpublicfinancetransferpaymentsystem;thestate-ownedenterpriseswith"centralizedownership"inthepastshouldbetrulydividedintothestate-owned(centralgovernmentowned)enterprises,localpublic-ownedenterprises(ormaybecalledlocalstate-ownedenterprisesinconsiderationofhistoricalcontinuity)orstateandlocalgovernmentjointlyownedenterprisesbasedontheirrespectiveshares;·Incountriesofmarketeconomy,state-ownedenterprisesorlocalpublic-ownedenterprisesaregenerallycalledpublicenterprisesorpublicinstitutionsownedbyautonomousentities;thepublic-ownedenterprisesofstateautonomousentitiesarethestate-ownedenterprisesandthepublicly-ownedenterpr,evenifitisjustviewedfromtheimplementationlevel,therearestillproblemsifthe"variouslevelsofownership",thereistheproblemofambiguoustargetsof"variouslevelsofownership".Shouldalllocalgovernment-financedenterprisesorenterpriseswhosemanagementrightsaredelegateddownbythecentralgovernmenttolocalgovernmentsbeownedbythelatterWhatarethebasisandconditionsfordoingsoThedelegationofpowerinthepastwasbasedonpreconditionsof"variouslevelsofmanagement"butnotof"variouslevelsofownership".Moreimportantly,thestate"centralizedownership"systeminthepastwasrelatedtotheentirestateeconomicsystems,especiallythepublicfinance,"centralizedownership"system,itisnecessar"delegated"enterprisescloselylinkedtothenationaleconomy,correspondingresponsibilitiesofvariousparties,theirrelationswithmajorenterprisereformpolicies,(),thecompletionofthehierarchicalpublicfinancesystemandtheprocesstoimprovethecorrespondingtaxationsystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijin,LongGuoqiang,WangXu,ShiYaodong,,,,tradeandinvestmentenvironment,marketstructure,degreeofglobalization,industrialmaturity,andthepotentialfordemandgrowth,,asectorthatwouldtheoreticallysuffermoreshocksmayendlatedtotheresponsestrategyafterWTOaccession,ingfromWTOaccessionasmuchaspossibletoreducerelevantrisksandcosts,maximizeadvantages,minimizedisadvantages,andemphasizeadjustment,,,peopleinsomeregions,sectorsorenterpriseshaveoveremphasizedthe"shocks"and"challenges".Someofthemevendeemedtheaccessionasanimminentdisasterandregardedtherequiredadjustmentandreformmeasuresas"somethingagainsttheirwill".Thenwehavetocomebacktotherudimentalquestion:whyshouldwejointheWTOIfcanbringusonlyormainlyshocksanddifficulties,,,joiniresoftheworldeconomicandpoliticaldevelopmentandoutofthestrategicconsiderationofChina’,despitealltherisksanduncertainties,thecentralauthorities,,,thepressureofadjustmentwillbeconcentratedontheareasofemployment,incomedistribution,,msthroughadjustment,,suchastrategywillleadtoadilemmainwhichthedisadvantagesofthetraditionalsystemcativeAdvantagesTheactiveresponsivestrategycanbesummarizedas"givingfullplaytoamajorpowercompetitiveadvantagesundertheconditionsoffurtheropening".ThepurposeistoexpeditedomesticadjustmentandreformandcreateaneffectivemarketenvironmentwiththenewopeningconditionsafterWTOaccessionsothatChina’sexistingandpotentialcomparativeadvantagescanbeturnedintocompetitiveadvantagesandChiwillfirstofalldependonhowtounderstand,nurtureanddevelopChina’’seconomicadvantages,manyoftheminthesenseofeconomics,aremainlymanifestedinthefollowingaspects:’slargestpotentialfordemandgrowthinmanyproductsandservices;,capitalcostalsodeclinedtoacertainextent;Chinahasadvantagesinthemanufacturingindustrywhichfocusesonassemblyandprocessingsectorandhascertaintechnologicalcontents;Chinahasthe"delayedstamina"intheareasoftechnology,managementandsystemthatareacquiredthroughlearningfromadvancedexperience;TheChinesepeoplehavethetraditionaltraitsofbeinggoodatdoingbusiness,’,someindustrializedcountries,suchasBritain,France,GermanyandItaly,stillhaveapopulationoflessthan100millionpeople,ionand100millionrespectively,theycannotcomparewithChina’,instead,itisthefactthatsuchalargepopulationhasbegunenteringthemid-stageofindustriali,andquiteprobablyso’surbanandruralpopulationisrelativelywide,lencerateofaparticularproductisnotveryhigh,’smobilephone,relyingmerelyonthedomesticmarketcanfullyrealizetheeconomyofscaleandscopeandcanaccommodateseverallargeenterprises,largepopulationbaseandunevendevelopmentcanensuresomeinorsismaintained,amanufacturingadvantagewithrelativry,textileindustry,heavyindustryandchemicalindustry,Chinaisnowenteringadevelopmentstagethathighlightsprocessing,assemblyandmanufacturingindustriesedbythestateforalongperiod,turingindustriesbuiltwit,theimprovementintechnologyandmanagementduringthisperiodhasmarkedlynarrowedtheg,Chinahasnotseenadrasticriseinthecostoflabor,land,capita’svastter’sseeminglyendlesssupplyofcheaplabor,especiallytheskilledworkers,techniciansandmanagerialpersonnelthatarenotedforrelativelyhighqualificationsandrelativelylowincomescomparedwiththeinternationalstandards,hasen,thetraditiona,theinterestrateshavebeencutcontinuously,makingChina’low-costadvantageinproductionfactorsareattractingmoreandmoreforeignmanufacturingcapacitiestoChina....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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